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VAK Theory

One theory of learning states that we use three sensory receivers: visual (V), auditory (A), and kinesthetic (K) when we take in information. According to the VAK theory, one or two of these receiving styles is normally dominant and thus defines the best way for a person to learn new information. Thus a visual learner learns best using their sight; an auditory learner learns best when listening, and a kinesthetic learner learns best through physical activity.

VAK is one of the most popular learning models nowadays due to its simplicity. Teachers are beginning to incorporate a range of stimuli and activities into their lessons so as to cater for all types of learner. Although it is not yet proven that using one’s preferred sense provides the best means for learning, having a range of activities can reduce boredom and increase motivation in the classroom.





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An example of how you might go about this is. Well, I'll describe a lesson I observed a few weeks ago. The teacher was teaching children about nature, about plans. Specifically about how to identify different trees. The first thing she did was to play a game where students had to name as many trees as they could without writing anything down just speaking out loud. Then after that little activities she describe the different ways you can identify trees. From the shape of their leaves, their buds, their barks and so on.

But you can imagine that the kids who don't have very good imaginations they couldn't really visualize what she was talking about.  starting to wonder. They were shuffling on their seats, getting distracted but that was OK. Because next, she showed some photos for them to look at on the electronic whiteboard passed around some picture books. Students then copied some of the pictures into their exercise books. And after that students got the chance to go out into the school grounds and physically identify some of the trees that were there. So it was quite an effective lesson, very memorable and the pupils looked very engaged. A week later I asked one of them to describe to me the leave of an oak tree and she did so perfectly.


Необходимо записать аргументы каждого говорящего в табличку.


1. three sensory receivers

2. visual / auditory / kinesthetic

3. one dominant

4. teachers incorporate …

5. motivation




Explain VAK Theory and how the example used by the professor illustrates how the theory can be applied.






The passage is about VAK Theory, which can be defined as a perceptional theory where one or two perception dominates over others. It can be used to improve the efficiency of learning.




The VAK Theory is based on different perception of different people. Some learn things better through their sight, some through their listening and some through physical activity. The professor gives an example of a teacher who was teaching about nature, namely trees. The teacher played a game where the students had to pronounce the names of the trees they know. It’s listening. Then she showed some photos for those who learn through sight. Then the kids went outside and saw some real trees that they learned at the class. It’s physical activity.




Although, the theory has not been proved. In a week the professor checked the knowledge of a student bout a leaf and it was perfect.


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