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 sheep

Прилагательные, описывающие

Овцу


Карточки
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ДРУГИЕ ЖИВОТНЫЕ 

 

 

 

1

curly

кудрявый

2

shaggy

лохматый

3

silly

глупый

4

stupid

тупой

5

stubborn

упертый

6

woolen

шерстяной

7

gregarious

стадный

8

even-toed

парнокопытный

 

КРАТКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ ОВЦЫ: 

 

pir 1

linking words 1

Look at the picture.

Посмотрите на картинку.

You can see a sheep standing in the grass.

Вы можете видеть овцу, стоящую в траве.

This sheep is white.

Эта овца белая.

Its elongated ears are sticking out.

Её удлиненные уши торчат.

It has an elongated muzzle with a black nose.

У него удлиненная морда с черным носом.

Its forehead is broad.

Её лоб широкий.

It has a triangular face.

Она имеет треугольную морду.

This sheep doesn’t have horns.

У этой овцы нет рогов.

Its fur is white and curly.

Её мех белый и кудрявый.

It’s standing on 4 legs.

Она стоит на 4 ногах.

Sheep eat grass.

Овцы едят траву.

It’s not dangerous.

Она не опасная.

 

Общая информация об овце: 

 

Look at the picture. You can see a sheep standing in the grass. It is a domestic sheep called (Ovis aries). It belongs to quadrupedal (1), ruminant (2) mammals. Like most ruminants, sheep are members of the order (3) Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates. Although the name sheep applies to many species in the genus Ovis, in everyday usage it almost always refers (4) to Ovis aries, domestic sheep.

 

This sheep is white with its elongated ears sticking out on both sides. It also has an elongated muzzle with a black nose. Its forehead is broad (5) with two eyes on either edge (6) of a triangular face. This sheep doesn’t have horns. As a rule, sheep have well developed horns, but in some breeds they may not have horns at all or only males have them. The sheep has white curly fur, probably recently shaved. Its legs are white almost without fur with small triangles on its front knees.

All sheep have good hearing and are sensitive to sudden (7) noise. The lateral (8) position of their eyes and the horizontally-extended (9) pupils (10) increase the viewing angle to approximately (11) 270-320 °, which allows the animals to look back without turning their heads.

 

The sheep was domesticated by man in ancient times, more than eight thousand years ago and considered a descendant (12) of moufflons or urials . Male sheep are usually called rams. Their offspring (13) are called lambs.

 

Sheep supplies (14) humans with meat, wool, skins, milk and dairy products such as brynza, which are very important for sustaining (15) human life.

 

The size and weight of domestic sheep varies greatly depending on the breed. Adult females usually weigh 45-100 kg, while larger males weigh 70-160 kg. The record weight of the ram (Suffolk breed) reached 247.2 kg. In general, the height of sheep ranges from 55-100cm, and the length of its body 60-110 cm.

Sheep communicate with sounds that can be divided into bleating (16), grunting (17), rumbling (18) and snorting (19).

 

In ancient times, sheep as a symbol were used in many religions. In Christianity, Jesus Christ is symbolically depicted as the Good Shepherd and men symbolized as sheep that need guidance (20).

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Vocabulary (используйте карточки для слов, которые сложно запоминаются):

 

1

quadrupedal [kwɑːˈdruːpɪdl]

четвероногий

2

ruminant [ˈruːmɪnənt]

жвачный

3

order [ˈɔːrdər]

отряд, подкласс

4

refer [rɪˈfɜːr]

относиться

5

broad [spaɪn]

позвоночник

6

edge [edʒ]

край

7

sudden [ˈsʌdn]

внезапный

8

lateral [ˈlætərəl]

боковой

9

extended [ɪkˈstendɪd]

вытянутый

10

pupil [ˈsɜːrvɪkl]

зрачок

11

approximately [əˈprɑːksɪmətli]

приблизительно

12

descendant [dɪˈsendənt]

потомок

13

offspring [ˈɔːfsprɪŋ]

потомок

14

supply [səˈplaɪ]

снабжать

15

sustain [səˈsteɪn]

поддерживать

16

bleat [bliːt]

блеять

17

grunt [ɡrʌnt]

хрюкать

18

rumble [ˈrʌmbl]

рокот

19

snort [snɔːrt]

фыркать

20

guidance [ˈɡaɪdns]

совет, рекомендация

 


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