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 donkey

Прилагательные, описывающие

Осла


Карточки
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ДРУГИЕ ЖИВОТНЫЕ

 

1

silly

глупый

2

stupid

тупой

3

stubborn

упрямый

4

herbivorous

травоядный

5

funny

забавный

6

eared

ушастый

7

enduring

выносливый

8

even-toed

парнокопытный

 

КРАТКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ ОСЛА: 

 

pir 1

linking words 1

Look at the picture.

Посмотрите на картинку.

You can see a donkey standing in the grass.

Вы можете видеть осла, стоящего в траве.

This donkey looks like a horse.

Этот осел похож на лошадь.

Although, it is smaller than a horse.

Хотя, он меньше, чем лошадь.

Its elongated ears are pricked.

Его удлиненные уши торчат.

Its muzzle has oval nostrils at the end of its nose.

Его морда имеет овальные ноздри на конце (его) носа.

Its forehead is broad.

Его лоб широкий.

It has two eyes on either side of its face.

У него два глаза на каждой стороне лица.

It has a mane.

У него есть грива.

It sticks up along its neck.

Он торчит вдоль шеи.

It is grey with white spots on its belly and nose.

Он серый с белыми пятнами на животе и носу.

It has a medium length tail.

Он имеет хвост средней длины.

It has a furry brush at the end of its tail.

У него есть пушистая кисть на конце (его) хвоста.

It is standing on its four legs that have hooves.

Он стоит на четырех ногах, у которых есть копыта.

Donkeys are herbivores.

Ослы - травоядные.

They are not dangerous.

Они не опасны.

 

Общая информация об осле: 

 

Look at the picture. You can see a donkey standing in the grass. The donkey or ass (Latin: Equus Asinus) is a domesticated member of the horse biological family, Equidae.

 

This donkey looks like a horse but its size is usually smaller. Its elongated (1) ears are pricked and rotate like radar screens. Its muzzle is elongated also with two oval nostrils at the end of its nose. Its forehead is broad (2) with its eyes on either side of its face. It has a mane that sticks up (3) along its neck, which goes from the base (4) of its skull to its shoulders. It is grey with white spots on its belly and nose. It has a medium length tail with a furry brush at its end, like cows. It stands on its four legs that have hooves (5).

 

Domestication of the donkey happened much earlier than with horses. Donkeys were the first animals that the prehistoric man used to transport things. All domesticated donkeys belong to African donkeys. All attempts (6) to tame (7) kulans (Asian donkeys) have been unsuccessful.

 

Depending on the breed, donkeys can grow 90-163 cm. The height of some specimens can vary (8) from the size of a pony to the size of a horse. The largest ones reach a height up to 163 cm and can weigh from 200 to 400 kg.

 

The donkey differs (9) from its larger relatives (horses) in that it can tolerate more easily the lack (10) of food and water. Donkeys feed on grassy and shrubby (11) vegetation (12).

 

By mixing donkeys and horses people create mules [a hybrid of a male donkey and mare] and a hinny (13) [a hybrid of a male horse (stallion (14)) and an ass].

 

A donkey's life expectancy (15) is 25-35 years. Occasionally (16), some donkeys can live up to 45-47 years.

 Карточки
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Vocabulary (используйте карточки для слов, которые сложно запоминаются):

 

1

even-toed [ˈiːvn təʊd]

парнокопытный

2

ungulate [ˈʌŋɡjʊlət]

копытный

3

dull [dʌl]

тупой

4

either [ˈaɪðər]

каждый

5

spine [spaɪn]

позвоночник

6

pattern [ˈpætərn]

узор

7

spot [spɑːt]

пятно

8

swipe [swaɪp]

сильный удар

9

range [reɪndʒ]

находиться в диапазоне

10

cervical [ˈsɜːrvɪkl]

шейный

11

vertebrae [ˈvɝːtəˌbre]

позвонок

12

seemingly [ˈsiːmɪŋli]

на вид

13

cumbersome [ˈkʌmbərsəm]

громоздкий

14

herbivorous [hərˈbɪvərəs]

травоядный

15

frequency [ˈfriːkwənsi]

частота

16

indistinguishable

[ˌɪndɪˈstɪŋɡwɪʃəbl]

неразличимый

17

dare [der]

сметь, посметь

18

blow [bləʊ]

удар

19

skull [skʌl]

череп

20

expectancy [ɪkˈspektənsi]

продолжительность

 


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