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 geraffe

Прилагательные, описывающие

 

Тигра


Карточки
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 другие животные

1

сильный

strong

2

усатый

whiskered

3

полосатый

striped

4

кровожадный

bloodthirsty

5

хищный

predatory

6

гордый

proud

7

опасный

dangerous

8

грозный

formidable

 

 

КРАТКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ ТИГРА: 

 

pir 1

linking words 1

Look at the picture.

Посмотрите на картинку.

You can see a tiger lying on the ground.

Вы можете увидеть тигра, лежащего на земле.

The tiger has round pricked ears.

У тигра круглые торчащие уши.

Its head is round.

Его голова круглая.

Its whole body is covered with stripped patterns.

Все его тело покрыто полосатыми узорами.

It has a big mane.

У него большая грива.

It has 5 fingers on its front paws with retractable claws.

У него 5 пальцев на передних лапах с выдвигающимися когтями.

It has four claws on its hind paws.

У него четыре когтя на задних лапах.

It has big and long fangs.

У него большие и длинные клыки.

The tail always ends with a black tip.

Хвост всегда заканчивается черным кончиком.

It looks graceful and peaceful.

Это выглядит изящно и мирно.

But it’s better not to mess with tigers.

Но лучше не шутить с тиграми.

They are dangerous.

Они опасны.

They are predators, which means they eat other animals.

Они хищники, что означает, что они едят других животных.


Pericles, Prince of Tyre


 

 

Общая информация о тигре: 

 

Look at the picture. You can see a tiger lying gracefully on the ground. The tiger (Latin: Panthera tigris) is a species of predatory mammals of the biological family - Felidae. One of four representatives of the genus is Panthera, which belongs to the subfamily of large cats, namely (1) : lion, leopard, jaguar, and snow leopard.

The tiger has round pricked ears. Its head is round. Its whole body is covered (2) with different reddish-orange stripped fur patterns. It has a mane-like heavy growth of fur around the neck and jaws and long whiskers. A tiger's skull is similar to that of the lion, though the frontal region (3) is usually not as depressed or flattened (4). It has 5 fingers on its front paws with retractable (5) claws and four on the back paws. Its well-developed fangs (6), whose length can reach 8 cm, help tigers kill its prey. The tail always ends with a black tip and for most of its length it has rings around it. One paw of this tiger lies on top of the other.

The largest tigers are Bengali and Amur subspecies. Males of these subspecies can reach up to 2.3-2.5 m, and in some cases up to 2.9 m in length without a tail and weigh up to 275 kg, and in some cases up to 320 kg.

Tigers have well developed (7) night vision. In the wild, tigers mainly feed on ungulates (8). A tiger can eat up to 30-40 kg of meat at one time.

 

Tigers hunt alone. Despite their substantial body weight tigers can reach speeds up to 60 km/hr. During the hunt tigers are able to jump to a height of 5 m and 9-10 m in length.

Tigers can carry their killed prey, holding it in its teeth or throwing the prey on the tiger's back. In the case of hunting for large prey (gaur or Asian buffalo), the tiger can pull them on the ground. The weight of the dragged (9) prey can be up to 6-7 times of its own weight.

The ability to hunt is not an innate (10) form of behavior. Mother tigers need to teach their cubs how to do it.

Tigers are good swimmers and often bathe in ponds, lakes and rivers, thus (11) keeping cool in the heat of the day.

Amur tigers and brown bears can be a serious threat (12) to each other. There are many cases of aggressive interaction (13) between them.

Lions can breed (14) with tigers (most often the Amur and Bengal tigers) to create a hybrid subspecies called liger and tigon. The liger is a cross (15) between a male lion and a tigress. Ligers grow far larger than either parent specie.

Tigers live around 15-18 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity.

 

 Карточки
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Vocabulary (используйте карточки для слов, которые сложно запоминаются):

 

1

namely [ˈneɪmli]

именно, а именно

2

cover [ˈkʌvər]

покрывать

3

region [ˈriːdʒən]

край, участок

4

flatten [ˈflat(ə)n]

сплющивать, плющить

5

retractable [riˈtræktəbəl]

убирающийся, втягивающийся

6

fang [fæŋ]

клык

7

develop [dɪˈveləp]

развивать

8

ungulate [ˈʌŋɡjʊlət]

копытный, копытное животное

9

drag [dræɡ]

тянуть, тащить

10

innate [ɪˈneɪt]

врожденный

11

thus [ðʌs]

таким образом, так

12

threat [θret]

угроза

13

interaction [ˌɪntərˈækʃn]

взаимодействие

14

breed [briːd]

размножаться

15

cross [krɔːs]

помесь 

 


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