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 wolf

Прилагательные, описывающие

Волка


Карточки
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ДРУГИЕ ЖИВОТНЫЕ

 

1

vulturous

хищный

2

angry

злой

3

wild

дикий

4

howling

воющий

5

savage

свирепый

6

hungry

голодный

7

dangerous

опасный

8

sharp-toothed

зубастый

 

КРАТКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ ВОЛКА: 

 

pir 1

linking words 1

Look at the picture.

Посмотрите на картинку.

You can see a wolf sitting on its 4 paws in the snow.

Вы можете видеть волка, сидящего на 4 лапах в снегу.

This wolf looks like a dog.

Этот волк похож на собаку.

Its fur is thick.

Его мех густой.

The color of its fur is grey and white.

Цвет его меха серый и белый.

It has 4 legs.

Он имеет 4 ноги.

Its ears are pricked.

Его уши торчат.

It has two eyes and a black nose.

У него два глаза и черный нос.

Its bushy tail is behind its body.

Его пушистый хвост находится за его телом.

It looks cute but it’s dangerous.

Он выглядит мило, но он опасен.

Wolves are predatory animals.

Волки - хищные животные.

They eat other animals.

Они едят других животных.

 

Общая информация о волке: 

 

Look at the picture. You can see a wolf sitting on its 4 paws in the snow. It is called a gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber (1) wolf, or western wolf. It is a species of carnivorous (2) mammals from the Canidae family (Canidae).

 

The wolf looks pretty much like a dog because it is the direct ancestor of a domestic dog. In general, the wolf resembles (3) a large, sharp-pointed eared dog. Its legs are strong with paws are larger and more elongated (4) than the dog’s paws. The head is broad-browed (5), the muzzle is relatively (6) wide, strongly elongated, and laterally (7) framed by "whiskers". The tail is quite long, thick and unlike the dog’s it's always lowered down.

 

The fur of wolves is thick, rather long and consists of two layers (8). It’s the reason why sometimes the animal looks larger than it actually is. The first layer fur consists of rigid (9) hair that resists water and dirt. The second layer, called undercoat (10) has a waterproof down that warms the animal.

 

Depending on the habitat (11), wolves have different colors. Forest wolves are gray-brown, tundra wolves are light, almost white, desert wolves are grayish-reddish.

 

The wolf is one of the largest modern animals in its family. The length of its body (without tail) can reach 160 cm, its tail length can be up to 52 cm. It's body weight can reach up (12) to 80 kg.

 

Wolves hunt in packs (13). During the chase (14) of their pray (15), they can reach a speed up to 65 km / h. Often a pack splits into two groups and thus (16) hunt their pray more effectively, communicating between groups with voice alerts (17) in a form of different kinds of howling (18).

 

A wolf's sense of smell of a wolf is highly developed. It can detect its prey at a distance of up to 3 kilometers. A wolf's sence of smell is over 100 times better than that of humans.

 

Wolves eat mainly ungulate animals. In the tundra it’s reindeer, in the forest zone it’s moose (19), deer, roe deer (20), wild boar, it the steppes and deserts it’s mainly antelopes.

 

Wolves rarely (21) attack people, although some cases have been documented .

 


Pericles, Prince of Tyre


 

Read by George William Dole

 Карточки
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Vocabulary (используйте карточки для слов, которые сложно запоминаются):

 

1

timber [ˈtɪmbər]

лесной

2

carnivorous [kɑːrˈnɪvərəs]

плотоядный

3

resemble [rɪˈzembl]

походить на

4

elongated [ˈiːlɒŋɡeɪtɪd]

вытянутый

5

broad-browed [brɔːd braʊd]

широкий

6

relatively [ˈrelətɪvli]

относительно

7

laterally [ˈlætərəli]

сбоку

8

layer [ˈleɪər]

слой

9

rigid [ˈrɪdʒɪd]

жесткий, твердый

10

undercoat [ˈʌndəkəʊt]

подшерсток

11

habitat [ˈhæbɪtæt]

среда обитания

12

reach up [riːtʃ ʌp]

достигать

13

pack [pæk]

стая

14

chase [tʃeɪs]

погоня

15

prey [preɪ]

добыча, жертва

16

thus [ˈðʌs]

таким образом

17

alert [əˈlɜːrt]

сигнал тревоги

18

howl [haʊl]

вой

19

moose [muːs]

американский лось

20

roe deer [rəʊ dɪər]

косуля

21

rarely [ˈrerli]

редко

 


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