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 echidna b

Прилагательные, описывающие

Ехидны


Карточки
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ДРУГИЕ ЖИВОТНЫЕ

 

1

prickly

колючая

2

scary

страшная

3

small

небольшая

4

nosed

носатая

5

strange looking

странная

6

fast

быстрая

7

dexterous

ловкая

8

ugly

уродливая

 

КРАТКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ ЕХИДНЫ: 

 

pir 1

linking words 1

Look at the picture.

Посмотрите на картинку.

You can see a brown echidna.

Вы можете видеть коричневую эхидну.

Its head is covered with gross hair.

Её голова покрыта грубыми волосами.

Its neck is short and bearly visible.

Её шея короткая и едва заметная.

Its ears are not visible.

Её уши не видны.

Its muzzle is extremely elongated.

Её морда чрезвычайно вытянута.

It looks like a narrow "beak".

Она выглядит как узкий «клюв».

Its mouth is at the end of its "beak".

Её рот находится в конце (её) "клюва".

It’s very small and toothless.

Он очень маленький и беззубый.

Its limbs are short.

Её конечности короткие.

Its fingers have powerful flat claws.

Её пальцы имеют мощные плоские когти.

Its back and sides are covered with long spines.

Её спина и бока покрыты длинными шипами.

Its fur is brown or black.

Её мех коричневый или черный.

Its tail is very short.

Её хвост очень короткий.

 

Общая информация о ехидне: 

 

Look at the picture. You can see a brown echidna. Echidnas, sometimes known as spiny (1) anteaters (2)

 

The Echidna’s head is covered with gross (3) hair, its neck is short and can be hardly seen. Their ears are not visible. Its muzzle is extremely elongated and looks like a narrow "beak" (4) which is about 75 mm long and is either straight or slightly curved (5). Its mouth is at the end of its beak. An Echidna's mouth is toothless and very small. It does not open wider than 5 mm. Their limbs are shortened. Its fingers have powerful flat (6) claws which are adapted for digging earth and breaking the walls of termite mounds (7). Their claws on its hind legs are elongated.

 

An Echidna’s back and sides are covered with short, stiff (8) and hollow spines (9). Their length reaches 5-6 cm. They are yellow colored with black sharp tips (10). Its fur is brown or black and tail is very short.

 

Its tongue can protrude (11) from their mouth about 18 cm (its total length can reach 25 cm). It is covered with mucus which ants and termites get stuck to.
 An Echidna's length is 30-45 cm. and its weight varies (12) from 2.5 to 5 kg.

 

Echidnas have poor sight although its sense of smell and hearing are very good. Their ears are sensitive to low frequency sounds, which allow them to hear termites and ants under the ground.

 

Echidnas eat ants, termites, some insects, small molluscks and worms.

 

In a dangerous situation an echidna rolls itself into a ball, hiding its stomach and exposing the spines outward. It's the method of defending (13) themselves.

 

In nature, Echidnas can survive up to 16 years. The record of Echidnas longevity (14) was in a zoo with 45 years.

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Vocabulary (используйте карточки для слов, которые сложно запоминаются):

 

1

spiny [ˈspaɪni]

колючий

2

anteater [ˈæntiːtər]

муравьед

3

gross [ɡrəʊs]

грубый

4

beak [biːk]

клюв

5

curved [kɜːrvd]

изогнутый

6

flat [flæt]

плоский

7

mound [maʊnd]

курган, насыпь, холм

8

stiff [stɪf]

жёсткий, тугой

9

spine [spaɪn]

шип, игла

10

tip [tɪp]

кончик

11

protrude [proʊˈtruːd]

высовываться

12

vary [ˈveri]

изменяться

13

defend [dɪˈfend]

защищать

14

longevity [lɔːnˈdʒevəti]

долголетие

 


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